Open Access License


  1. The Physiotherapy Quarterly (formerly: Fizjoterapia; hereafter referred to as PQ) is an international, peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Poland.
  2. The Editorial Office of PQ (hereafter referred to as the Editor) accepts scientific, original papers, not published anywhere before, on various aspects of physiotherapy and rehabilitation. A scientific paper, in accordance with the regulations of the Statement of the Minister of Science and Higher Education of June 2, 2015 on the criteria and procedure of scientific journals assessment, is a paper presenting results of original research of empirical, theoretical, technical, or analytical character, and communicating the present state of the art, the research methods, the course of the research process, its results and conclusions, along with the indication of the quoted literature (bibliography). Scientific papers also include studies of monographic, polemical, or review character, as well as glosses or juridical comments. The Editor also accepts letters the Editor, scientific conferences reports, and book reviews. Manuscripts in basic science and clinical physiotherapy science are published at the highest priority. Letters to the Editor, reports from scientific meetings and book reviews are also considered.
  3. Editor publishes papers that show depth, rigor, originality and high- quality presentation. The scope of the journal: evidence-based rehabilitation; the mechanisms of function or dysfunction; modern therapy methods; best clinical practice; clinical reasoning and decision-making processes; assessment and clinical management of disorders; exploration of relevant clinical interventions; multi-modal approaches; psychosocial issues; expectations, experiences, and perspectives of physiotherapists.
  4. Only papers written in English are accepted.
  5. By submitting a paper, the author agrees to accept the Editor’s procedures of qualifying papers for publication and the ‘Instructions on submitting and preparing articles’ (Appendix 1 to these Author Guidelines).
  6. The paper is subject to a two-step qualification procedure: (1) formal internal assessment – pre-review – performed by the Editor-in-Chief and the editorial team (verification of the article compliance with the journal’s profile and technical requirements); (2) external review – peer review – performed by two independent reviewers, appointed by the Editor-in-Chief. In addition, empirical papers in which statistical methods were applied undergo verification by a statistical editor.
  7. The Author can suggest reviewers, but the Editor reserves the right to the final selection.
  8. Reviewers are senior academic staff members or academics at least with the scientific degree of a doctor, competent within the merits of the paper. Reviewers are independent: not affiliated in the same research unit as the author of the publication.
  9. The review procedures are consistent with the regulations and recommendations of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education.
  10. Papers are accepted for publication after being reviewed favourably by two independent reviewers. If the reviews are contradictory, the third reviewer is appointed, whose opinion becomes decisive.
  11. Reviews are written by completing a paper review form (available at where reviewers have to explicitly express whether the manuscript is accepted for publication or rejected.
  12. The author and the reviewer remain anonymous to each other (double blind peer review process). Otherwise, the reviewer is obliged to declare no conflict of interest; what is referred to as conflict of interest is a direct personal relationship between the reviewer and the author (kinship, legal relationship, conflict); professional dependence relationship; direct research cooperation within the two years prior to the paper reviewing.
  13. Names of the reviewers are not revealed. Once a year, the Editor provides a general list of the cooperating reviewers.
  14. The author is informed about the review results and the reviewers’ comments, so that they can correct the paper in accordance with the provided directions.
  15. The Editor reserves the right to introduce corrections in the paper. An article that does not follow the guidelines can be returned to the author for adjustments.
  16. The Editor reserves the right to reject a paper which is not consistent with the journal profile; does not meet the requirements imposed on scientific papers; has received two negative scientific reviews; does not follow the ‘Instructions on submitting and preparing articles’ (Appendix 1 to these Author Guidelines); has not been corrected in accordance with the directions of the Editor or the reviewers; bears attributes of plagiarism.
  17. The final decision on accepting a paper for publication or rejecting it is always taken by the Editor-in-Chief.
  18. In the case of a justified lack of publication of a submitted paper, the Editor does not return the costs borne by the author (processing fee).
  19. The author is obliged to sign the licence, consequently giving their consent to publicize the paper in print, on magnetic or digital carriers, and on the Internet. If the article is an output of cooperation with other authors, the main author is obliged to provide licences signed by all co-authors and to inform them about the conditions included in the journal guidelines.
  20. Papers accepted for publication become the property of the University School of Physical Education and cannot be published elsewhere without written permission of the University School of Physical Education.
  21. The authors may reproduce their own work for non-commercial purposes with a clear indication of the original publisher.
  22. The author is obliged to provide a statement concerning the ethical procedures effective in scientific research, and to reveal the input of particular authors in the creation of the paper (giving their affiliations and contribution, i.e. information about the authorship of the concept, assumptions, methods, protocol etc. employed in the preparation of the article); the main responsibility rests with the author submitting the paper.
  23. A person who performed statistical calculations only, prepared solely the bibliographic list, or merely organized or funded the research cannot be referred to as author.
  24. The Editor will not accept a paper which employs ghostwriting or guest authorship, and will disclose all such practices, especially symptoms of scientific dishonesty (breaking or compromising the ethical principles effective in scientific research) and plagiarism.
  25. The author accepts that a submitted manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works. Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized will incur plagiarism sanctions: immediate rejection of the submitted manuscript or published article, prohibition of any new submissions.
  26. The Editor shall disclose all cases of scientific dishonesty, including notifying appropriate entities (institutions employing the authors, scientific associations, associations of scientific editors, etc.). The Editor is obliged to document any symptoms of scientific dishonesty, especially of breaking or compromising the ethical principles effective in scientific research.
  27. Manuscripts containing information related to human use should clearly state that the research has complied with all relevant national regulations and institutional policies and has been approved by the authors' institutional review board or equivalent committee. Copies of the guidelines and policy statements must be available for review by the Managing Editor if necessary. The editors reserve the right to seek additional information or guidance from reviewers on any cases in which concerns arise. All investigation with human subjects must have been conducted by following the tenets of the Helsinki Declaration, what is more authors must identify the committee or review board approving the experiments, and provide a statement indicating approval of the research.
  28. Manuscripts containing information related to animals use should clearly state that the research has complied with all relevant national regulations and institutional policies and has been approved by the authors' institutional review board or equivalent committee. Copies of the guidelines and policy statements must be available for review by the Managing Editor if necessary. The editors reserve the right to seek additional information or guidance from reviewers on any cases in which concerns arise. The research using animal subjects should be conducted according to the Principles of Laboratory Animal Care and similar documents (e.g. For manuscripts reporting experiments on live vertebrates or higher invertebrates, authors must identify the committee approving the experiments, and must confirm that all experiments were performed in accordance with relevant regulations.
  29. Author is responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any material used in their manuscripts that is protected by copyright. 
  30. Reprints of individual articles are available only from authors. Reprints in large quantities, for commercial or academic use, may be purchased from the publisher.
  31. The authors are obliged to provide the sources of financing the paper, as well as any input of research and development institutions, associations, or other entities (financial disclosure).
  32. The papers published in PQ are, as a whole (together with the correspondence data), made accessible in the Internet version of the journal and in the bases in which it is indexed.
  33. The journal does not have article processing charges (APCs) nor article submission charges.
  34. The author receives neither royalty for the published paper nor a journal copy; they are provided solely with a PDF file with the published article.
  35. The author is obliged to protect the personal data of the research participants. If the information included in the paper allows, in any way, to identify the study subjects, the author has to obtain their written consent for the publication of the research outcomes, including photographs, before submitting the paper for printing.
  36. The author accepts the responsibility to introduce the corrections resulting from the review and send the paper back within 3 week.
  37. The author is obliged to cooperate with the publishing editor and the linguistic and statistical proof-readers in order to clarify any ambiguities and correct deficiencies. Lack of the author’s response to the editorial remarks within a week shall denote their consent for introducing the suggested changes.
  38. In the case of a significant delay in the appointed deadline for introducing corrections by the author, the Editor reserves the right to reschedule the paper to the subsequent PQ volume.
  39. The author should list all the people or institutions that contributed to the preparation of the paper, served as consultants, or provided financial or technical support.
  40. The original version of the journal is its paper issue.
  41. The Editor accepts advertisements that can be placed in advertising inserts next to the cover pages. Prices of advertising are negotiated individually.

Appendix 1 to the Physiotherapy Quarterly Author Guideline


The manuscript should only be written in English. The articles are published in English. Manuscripts sent in other languages will not be accepted. English text verification before submission is strongly suggested for non-native English authors.

The Editor accepts solely papers submitted via the electronic Editorial System. The paper registration proceeds according to the System guidelines. The management of the editorial stages and contacting the author take place via the Editorial System exclusively. The author’s e-mail address in used to confirm the reception of the paper by the Editor and to provide information about the editorial process stages.

The papers have to be anonymous for the reviewers; therefore, all information identifying the authors of the article within the text, references, footnotes, and bibliography should be removed.

Empirical, original research articles, together with their summary and any tables, figures or graphs, should not exceed 20 pages in length; review articles are limited to 30 pages, case studies are limited to 10 pages, others to 1-2 pages. The page format is A4 (about 1800 characters with spaces per page). Pages should be numbered. Articles should be written using Microsoft Word with the following formats:
– Font: Times New Roman, 12 point
– Line spacing: 1.5
– Text alignment: justified
– Title: bold typeface, centered.

Submitted manuscripts should include at least two files. The first file is the title page with the authors’ names. The second file includes the title, abstract, keywords, body text, references. Tables and illustrations should be prepared on separate sheets. The system will automatically compose a file that will serve as a blind copy for reviewers and should not contain elements allowing identification of authors.

The title page should contain the following:

  • The article’s title
  • A shortened title of the article (up to 40 characters in length, including spaces), which will be placed in the running head
  • The name and surname of the author(s) with their affiliations written in the following way: the name of the university, city name, country name. For example: The University of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland
  • Author’s correspondence address (author’s name, address, e-mail address and phone number).

The blinded manuscript should contain:

  • The title of the article without names and surnames of the authors.
  • An abstract of approximately 250 words divided into the following sections: Aims, Methods, Results, Conclusions.
  • Three to five keywords (preferably, according to the Index Medicus - Medical Subjects Headings (MeSH) terms (http://www.Nlm.Nih.Gov/mesh)..
  • The main text

The main body of text in empirical research articles should be divided into the following sections: Introduction, Subjects and Methods, Results, Discussion, Limitation, Bibliography.

The introduction prefaces the reader on the article’s subject, describes its purpose, states a hypothesis, and mentions any existing research (literature review).

Subjects and methods:
This section is intended to clearly describe the research material (if human subjects took part in the experiment, include their number, age, gender and other necessary information), discuss the conditions, time and methods of the research as well identifying any equipment used (providing the manufacturer’s name and address). Measurements and procedures need to be provided in sufficient detail in order to allow for their reproducibility. If a method is being used for the first time, it needs to be described in detail to show its validity and reliability (reproducibility). If modifying existing methods, describe what was changed as well as justify the need for the modifications. The International System of Units (SI) and standard abbreviations should be used. 
All experiments using human subjects must obtain the approval of an appropriate ethical committee by the author in any undertaken research (the manuscript must include a copy of the approval document). Authors must declare that the experiments reported in the manuscript were performed in accordance with the ethical standards of the Helsinki Declaration and that the participants signed an informed consent form. 
Statistical methods should be described in such a way that it can be easily determined if they are correct. Authors of review research articles should also include their methods for finding materials, selection methods, etc.
The protection of privacy is a legal right that must not be breached without individual informed consent. In cases where the identification of personal information is necessary for scientific reasons, authors should obtain full documentation of informed consent, including written permission from the patient prior to inclusion in the study.
Informed consent: Informed consent has been obtained from all individuals included in this study.
Ethical approval: The research related to human use has been complied with all the relevant national regulations, institutional policies and in accordance the tenets of the Helsinki Declaration, and has been approved by the authors' institutional review board or equivalent committee.
Ethical approval: The research related to animals use has been complied with all the relevant national regulations and institutional policies for the care and use of animals.

If the manuscript does not contain any study that requires human or animal ethical approval, the following statement should be included in the Methods section:
Ethical approval: The conducted research is not related to either human or animals use.

The results should be presented both logically and consistently, as well as be closely tied to the data found in tables and figures. 

Here, the author should create a discussion of the obtained results, referring to the results found by others in literature (besides those mentioned in the introduction), as well as emphasize new and important aspects of their work. Limitation: List and discuss the limitations of the study, possible sources of bias, and any reasonable alternate explanations for the findings and interpretation of the study. 

When presenting any conclusions, it is important to remember the original purpose of the research and the stated hypotheses as well as avoid any vague statements or those not based on research results. If new hypotheses are put forward, they must be clearly stated. Acknowledgements: The author may mention any people or institutions that helped the author in preparing the manuscript, or that provided support through financial or technical means.

Here, the author enumerates the people and institutions that contributed to the preparation of the paper, served as consultants, or provided financial or technical support.

Conflict of intere:
The authors of the article are obliged to report an actual or potential conflict of interest that prevents the pursuit of the scientific truth. A conflict of interest arises when at least one of the authors is – either directly or through immediate family – associated with any organization or entity: financially (e.g. by royalties, scientific grants, membership, employment, consultations, ownership rights or other equity and expert testimonies or license agreements on patents) or non-financially (e.g. by affinity, legal ties, professional dependence, membership, knowledge or beliefs regarding the subject or materials covered by the article). If a conflict of interest is suspected, the author is obliged to report this in the cover letter sent to the Editor, indicate it in a footnote to the publication (e.g. by specifying the sources of the financial support and other financial and personal ties with the article), and attach a relevant statement.

The authors hereby declare the following conflict of interest: .........................
Signatures of all the authors

If there are no conflicts of interest, the following statement should be included before the References (or at the end of the Acknowledgments section):
Conflict of interest: Authors state no conflict of interest.
Disclosure statement: No author has any financial interest or received any financial benefit from this research.

The bibliography should be composed of the article’s citations, while being arranged and numbered in the order in which they appear in the text, not alphabetically. Referenced sources from literature should indicate the page number and enclose it in square brackets, e.g., Bouchard et al. [23]. The total number of bibliographic references (those found only in research databases, such as Pubmed, Medline) should not exceed 30 for empirical research papers (citing a maximum of two books); there is no limit for comparative research papers. There are no restrictions in referencing unpublished work. 

Citing journal articles

Bibliographic citations of journal articles should include: the author’s (or authors’) surname, first name initial, article title, abbreviated journal title, year, volume or number, page number, doi. For example: 
[1] Tchórzewski D., Jaworski J., Bujas P., Influence of long-lasting balancing on an unstable surface on changes in balance. Hum Mov, 2010, 11 (2), 144–152, doi: 10.2478/v10038-010- 0022-2. 

If there are six or fewer authors, all the names should be mentioned; if there are seven or more, give the first six and then use the abbreviation “et al.” If the title of the article is in a language other than English, the author should translate the title into English, and then indicate the original language in square brackets; the journal title should be left in its native name. For example: 
Jaskólska A., Bogucka M., Świstak R., Jaskólski A., Mechanisms, symptoms and aftereffects of delayed muscle soreness (DOMS) [in Polish]. Med Sport, 2002, 4, 189–201. 

The author’s research should only take into consideration articles published in English. When citing books, the Bibliographic citations of books should include: the author (or authors’) or editor’s (or editors’) surname, first name initial, book title translated into English, publisher, place and year of publication. For example: 
Osiński W., Anthropomotoric [in Polish]. AWF, Poznań, 2001. Heinemann K. (ed.), Sport clubs in various European countries. Karl Hofmann, Schorndorf 1999. 

Bibliographic citations of an article within a book should include: the author’s (or authors’) surname, first name initial, article title, book author (or authors’) or editor’s (or editors’) surname, first name initial, book title, publisher, place and year of publication, page number. For example: 
McKirnan M.D., Froelicher V.F., General principles of exercise testing. In: Skinner J.S. (ed.), Exercise testing and exercise prescription for special cases. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia 1993, 3–28. 

Citing conference materials: Citations of conference materials (found only in international research databases, such as SPORTDiscus) should include: the author’s (or authors’) surname, first name initial, article title, conference author’s (or authors’) or editor’s (or editor’s) surname, first name initial, conference title, publisher, place and year of publication, page number. For example: 
Rodriguez F.A., Moreno D., Keskinen K.L., Validity of a two distance simplified testing method for determining critical swimming velocity. In: Chatard J.C. (ed.), Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming IX, Proceedings of the IXth World Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming. Université de St. Etienne, St. Etienne 2003, 385–390. 

Citing articles in the electronic format: Citations of articles in the electronic format should include: author’s (or authors’) surname, first name initial, article title, abbreviated journal title, year of publication, journal volume, and number, website address where it is available, doi number. For example:
Donsmark M., Langfort J., Ploug T., Holm C., Enevoldsen L.H., Stallknech B. et al., Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) expression and regulation by epinephrine and exercise in skeletal muscle. Eur J Sport Sci, 2002, 2 (6). Available from: URL: cfm/, doi: 10.1080/17461391.2002.10142575. 

The main text of any other article submitted for consideration should maintain a logical continuity and the titles assigned to any sections must reflect the issues discussed within. Footnotes/Endnotes (explanatory or supplementary to the text). Footnotes should be numbered consecutively throughout the work and placed at the end of the main text. 

Tables, figures, and photographs: 
– they must be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and provide captions
– should be placed within the text
– additionally, figures or photographs must be attached as separate files in the xls, stg, pdf, cdr, eps, tif or jpg format (minimum resolution of 300 dpi)
– the same results should not be repeated in tables and figures
– the illustrative materials should be prepared in black and white or in grayscale (the journal is printed in black and white)
– symbols, e.g. arrows or stars, as well as abbreviations used in tables or figures should be clearly explained in a legend so that they are legible and comprehensible irrespective of the paper text.

Prior to printing, the author will receive their article in the PDF format. It is the author’s responsibility to immediately inform the Editorial Office if they accept the article for publication. At such a point in time, only minor corrections can be accepted from the author.

All the quotations included in the paper must be accompanied by bibliographic information, including numbers of the source pages.


Manuscripts should be submitted by the corresponding author of the manuscript through the online submission system. The editorial office has introduced the new Manuscript Track System. All new submissions should be done via the new Manuscript Track System. To submit a manuscript via the website, go to the and then follow the on-screen instructions. Firstly, you will need to log into the submission system. If you are already registered in the Author Database of "Physiotherapy Quarterly", use your User ID and Password to log in. If you are not already registered, you can register by clicking on the “Create New Account” button. You will be asked for basic personal/contact data. The article will be sent to the editorial office. To see the article status, select “My articles” from the left menu. Once submitted for review, each manuscript will be assigned a unique reference number. This number should be used included in any subsequent correspondence.