Introduction: Obesity and overweight are health problems that particularly increase the risk of metabolic diseases, being a disease entity itself. It is confirmed that nutritious mistakes and hypokinesia constitute the basic threats in alimentary obesity. The aim of the study: An attempt was made to evaluate the frequency of prevalence of obesity due to consumption habits and motor preferences of children aged 12-13 residing in the Tarłów Commune representing a rural area and children from the Primary School in Wroclaw representing a metropolitan area. Subjects and methods: The scope of the study covered 148 children from both rural and metropolitan areas. The children were divided into 4 groups of 37 based on gender and place of living. BMI indicator and centile charts prepared in OLAF studies for the Polish population were used to evaluate the level of obesity. Custom surveys concerning consumption habits and children motor activity were used to evaluate lifestyle habits. The results of the study were subjected to statistical evaluation using Statistica v. 10 software. Results: Within the studied group of children aged 12-13 obesity and overweight occurred among 30% of girls and 25% of boys, whereas a tendency for more frequent occurrences of overweight was observed within girls (26%) and obesity within boys (5%). Everyday diet among the studied group depends on their place of living. Girls from a metropolitan area more frequently ate high-fiber products, unsaturated fatty acids and vitamins relative to girls from the rural area. Differences in preferred forms of physical activity based on gender were shown. Conclusions: There is an urgent need to implement education and preventive or health promotion programs in the field of obesity prevention in rural areas, with special attention to physical activity and modification of consumption habits.
Key words: obesity, lifestyle, rural area, metropolitan area, percentile